During the post-war boom in the 1950s, Montgomery County’s population more than doubled in size and rivaled the population booms of Los Angeles and Houston. The number of residents in the County had shot up from 164,401 to 340,928, increasing by 107%.
The thriving job market in MoCo helped facilitate its growing population. In the 1960s, multiple federal government agencies in Montgomery County, such as Walter Reed Hospital Annex and the National Institute of Health, continually employed professional workers. Other private businesses like IBM Federal Systems, Inc. and Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory were also offering work.
Montgomery County became a job center itself, rather than just being a satellite city to Washington D.C. By the 60s, 53% of residences worked outside of the County while the other 47% worked within MoCo.
In 2016, a study by the Bureau of Labor Statistics found that out of employed County residences, 60% worked within the County while 40% worked outside the county.